USQUE, ABRAHAM


USQUE, ABRAHAM
USQUE, ABRAHAM, Marrano printer. Born in Portugal and known there as Duarte Pinel (Pinhel), Usque fled from the Inquisition shortly after 1543, established himself at Ferrara, and became associated with the press established by the Spanish ex-Marrano, Yom-Tov ben Levi Athias (Jerónimo de Vargas). He followed Athias' plan of publishing Jewish liturgies in the vernacular, as well as other texts intended to facilitate the Marranos' return to Judaism. Usque's name first appears in connection with the famous Bible translation of 1553, the so-called Ferrara Bible. This Bible was published in two forms: one intended for a Jewish audience, bearing a Hebrew date (14 Adar 5313) and a dedication to Doña gracia nasi , and listing the Hebrew names of the printer and publisher (Usque and Athias); the other for the Christian world, dated March 1, 1553, with a dedication to Duke Ercole d'Este of Ferrara and the names of Duarte Pinel and Jerónimo de Vargas. Books published by Usque also include the enigmatic Menina e Moça, by bernardim ribeiro , Samuel Usque's Consolaçam as tribulaçoens de Israel (1553), and various works in Hebrew. The fury of the Counter-Reformation gradually halted Usque's printing activities. He published no books in Spanish or Portuguese after 1555 and continued the publication of Hebrew books only to 1558. solomon usque may be identical with Usque's son and assistant Solomon, but his relationship to Samuel Usque is impossible to determine. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: C. Roth, in: Modern Language Review, 38 (1943), 307–17; M.A. Cohen (ed. and tr.), S. Usque, Consolation for the Tribulations of Israel (1965). (Martin A. Cohen)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Usque, Abraham (Pinhel, Duarte) — (fl. 16th cent)    Por tuguese printer. He fled from the Inquisition around 1543 to Ferrara, where he became associated with the Hebrew and Italian press established by Yom Tov ben Levi Athias. His name appears in connection with the 1553… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Abraham Usque — Abraham ben Salomon Usque (given the Christian name Duarte Pinhel) was a 16th century publisher. Usque was born in Portugal to a Jewish family and fled the Portuguese Inquisition for Ferrara, Italy, around 1543. In Ferrara, Usque worked with Yom… …   Wikipedia

  • Abraham Usque — Consolacam as tribulacoens de Israel, 1553 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • USQUE, SOLOMON — (c. 1530–c. 1596), Portuguese poet of Marrano descent; probably born in Portugal, he spent most of his life in Italy and later in Turkey. It is believed that he was the son of abraham usque , who printed the Ferrara Bible. In collaboration with… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • USQUE, SAMUEL — (16th century), Portuguese Marrano. All that is known about Usque comes from his Consolaçam as tribulaçoens de Israel ( Consolation for the Tribulations of Israel , Ferrara. 1553; second ed., Amsterdam, 1599). This unusual work reveals that the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Usque — ist der Name einer marranisch jüdischen Familie, die aus Portugal nach Italien auswanderte. Der Name leitet sich wahrscheinlich von dem Ort Huesca in Spanien her.[1] Bekannte Namensträger Die Verwandtschaftsbeziehungen der folgenden Personen sind …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Abraham — Abraham. I. Biblische Person: 1) (A., d. h. Völkervater, vorher Abram, d. h. erhabener Vater), Stammvater der Hebräer, geb. um 1980 v. Chr., wanderte mit seinem Vater Tharah (der unterwegs starb), seiner Frau Sarah u. seinem Brudersohn Lot aus Ur …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Abraham ben Jacob — Ibrāhīm ibn Yaʿqūb (arabisch ‏ إبراهيم بن يعقوب الإسرائيلي الطرطوشي‎, DMG Ibrāhīm b. Yaʿqūb al Isrāʾīlī aṭ Ṭurṭūšī hebräisch: ‏ אברהם בן יעקב‎ Abraham ben Jacov), war ein Gesandter des Kalifen von Córdoba aus dem muslimisch geprägten Tortosa… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Samuel Usque — (* um 1500 in Lissabon; † nach 1555 in Italien oder Palästina, eventuell in Safed) war ein portugiesischer Dichter und Historiker. Er ist der Verfasser der Consolação às tribulações de Israel. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Consolação às… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • SAMUEL USQUE — (XVIe s.) Historien juif originaire du Portugal, auteur d’un classique de la littérature portugaise, Consolation aux tribulations d’Israël (Consolaç ao as tribulaç oes de Israel , Ferrare, 1553). Sa biographie est mal connue: issu d’ancêtres… …   Encyclopédie Universelle


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.